Sponsor Statement for HB 105
An Act relating to the base student allocation used in the formula for state funding of public education; and providing for an effective date.
Updated: January 18, 2001
The State of Alaska's Public Education Funding Formula is based on a specific dollar amount per student. The base student allocation was established in 1998 (FY99) as $3,940 per student and has not been increased since that time. House Bill 105 increases this allocation by $145.00, increasing the per student dollar to $4,085.
During the past 14 years, inflation has had an impact on public school funding and the purchasing power of the General Fund (GF) education dollars slowly eroded over time. Although the State's contribution to the 53 school districts has increased 54% since FY88, the effect of annual inflation, as well as an increase in student enrollment has negated this growth, and indeed the purchasing power of the student dollar has been diminished.
The public school foundation program has lost 13.9% on a student dollar basis since FY88 due to the cumulative effect of annual inflation. House Bill 105 proposes to recoup this loss over a five-year time span. A 3.68% increase in the student dollar is recognized and the base student allocation in the public school funding formula is raised by $144.99 or $145.00. This amount was calculated as follows:
13.9% Total loss of the per Student Dollar due to inflation since FY88.
2.78% This total loss divided by 5 for the suggestion of a 5-Year plan to restore the loss.
+ .9% Plus the inflation rate for FY01 in Anchorage, Alaska
3.68% Total increase of the Student Dollar as proposed in HB 105
Supporters of a world class educational system for Alaska must agree that, while at the same time inflation is eroding the purchasing power for the student dollar, we Alaskans are asking our public schools to take on more and more responsibility in three general areas:
Public education is faced with the unenviable position-assuming greater responsibility with a reduction in the purchasing power of the student dollar. Alaska cannot continue to ask its 53 school district to meet all these additional responsibilities with a dwindling budget, therefore, additional funding is a necessity. The increase of $145.00 per student as provided in House Bill 105 will assist our local school districts to meet, and hopefully exceed, the public's expectations and demands.
Please join me in endorsing House Bill 105.
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