"An Act relating to the statute of limitations for certain civil actions relating to acts constituting sexual offenses; and providing for an effective date."
CS HB 2(JUD)(title am) is a clean-up bill that clarifies which misdemeanors and felonies involving sexual assault and sexual abuse have a three-year statute of limitations on civil actions, and which felonies have no statue of limitations on civil actions.
In 2001, the Twenty-second Legislature passed HB 210 Statute of Limitations: Sexual Assault and Sexual Abuse of a Minor. The original intent of HB 210 was to remove the criminal statute of limitations for felony sexual assault and sexual abuse of a minor. HB 210 was amended on the House floor and, as a result, both the criminal and the civil statute of limitations for all felony sexual assault and felony sexual abuse of a minor were removed. The floor amendment caused several statutory inconsistencies pertaining to civil statute of limitations.
The 2001 floor amendment did not reference "felony sexual abuse of a minor" and "felony sexual assault" to particular sections of the criminal code. The floor amendment did not make clear whether certain felonies included in AS 09.10.060(c) that are not sexual assault or sexual abuse of a minor, are intended to have: 1. No statute of limitations; 2. A two-year statute of limitations; or, 3. A three-year statute of limitations.
Also, the floor amendment did not make a specific provision for misdemeanor sexual abuse or sexual assault crimes. As a consequence, the civil statute of limitations for those crimes dropped to two years, for torts in general. Prior to the floor amendment, the statute of limitations was three years.
CS HB 2(JUD)(title am) establishes the civil statute of limitations at three years for misdemeanor sexual assault, misdemeanor sexual abuse of a minor, incest, and felony indecent exposure. Under CS HB 2(JUD)(title am), unlawful exploitation of a minor, a class B felony, is added to the list of sexual assault crimes in which the civil statute of limitations is removed.